HPV Test

Overview

Definition

This is a test to detect human papillomavirus (HPV). HPV is a virus spread by sexual contact. Certain types of HPV increase the risk of developing cervical cancer. HPV is also the cause of genital warts.

The HPV test is approved to detect some types of HPV on a woman's cervix. The cervix is located in deepest part of the vagina. Currently, there is no test to screen men for this condition.

Cervix
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Possible Complications

There are no major complications associated with this test.

SymptomsandDiagnosis

Treatments

This content is reviewed regularly and is updated when new and relevant evidence is made available. This information is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with questions regarding a medical condition.

Edits to original content made by Denver Health.

a (HPV Testing; Testing, HPV; Testing, Human Papillomavirus)

RESOURCES

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention http://www.cdc.gov 

The American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists http://www.acog.org 

CANADIAN RESOURCES

Sexuality and U—The Society of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists of Canada http://www.sexualityandu.ca 

The Sex Information & Education Council of Canada http://www.sieccan.org 

References

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Sexually Transmitted Diseases Treatment Guidelines, 2010. MMWR. 2010;59(No. RR-12):1-110.

Genital HPV infection—fact sheet. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention website. Available at: http://www.cdc.gov/std/HPV/STDFact-HPV.htm. Updated February 23, 2015. Accessed May 28, 2015.

HPV and men—fact sheet. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention website. Available at: http://www.cdc.gov/STD/hpv/STDFact-HPV-and-men.htm#testforwomen. Updated January 28, 2015. Accessed May 28, 2015.

Human papillomavirus testing. American Academy of Family Physicians Family Doctor website. Available at: http://familydoctor.org/familydoctor/en/diseases-conditions/human-papillomavirus-hpv/diagnosis-tests.html. Updated January 2014. Accessed May 28, 2015.