Chronic Pelvic Pain - Male
Pelvic pain can happen between the belly button and the hips and groin. Chronic pelvic pain is pain that lasts for 6 months or more. It is often hard to locate the source of the pain. Problems in the intestines, nerves, bladder, and prostate can cause pelvic pain.
|Male Pelvic Organs|
|Includes bladder, prostate (under bladder), and the colon.|
|© Nucleus Medical Media, Inc.|
Many health problems can cause chronic pelvic pain such as:
- Infections such as those in the bladder or urinary tract
- Sexually transmitted infections (STIs)
- Problems with nerves and muscles
- Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS)
- Inflammatory bowel disease
- Prior physical or sexual abuse
You will be asked about your symptoms and health history. A physical exam will be done. You may be asked to keep a pain diary. Write down when your pain happens, how it feels, and how long it lasts.
You may also have:
- Blood and urine tests
- Cultures and swabs
- Tests for STIs
Imaging tests such as:
- CT scan
- MRI scan
Scoping tests will allow your doctor too see structures on a video screen:
- Laparoscopy —belly and pelvis
- Cystoscopy —bladder
- Colonoscopy —large intestine
Pelvic pain is treated based on what's causing it. It may involve one or more methods. Common ones are:
- Antibiotics to treat certain types of infections
- Pain relievers
- Muscle relaxers
- Relaxation therapy
- Transcutaneous electrical stimulation (TENS) therapy
Chronic pelvic pain can also be treated with:
- Nerve blocks
- Surgery—the type depends on what's causing the pain
- Counseling—to better help you cope with stress and pain
This content is reviewed regularly and is updated when new and relevant evidence is made available. This information is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with questions regarding a medical condition.
Edits to original content made by Denver Health.
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Family Doctor—American Academy of Family Physicians https://familydoctor.org
International Pelvic Pain Society https://www.pelvicpain.org
Canadian Association of Gastroenterology https://www.cag-acg.org
The College of Family Physicians of Canada https://www.cfpc.ca
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